Friday, August 31, 2012

Mr. Lincoln abandons plans for colonization of blacks to Central America

Mr. Lincoln appointed Kansas Senator Pomeroy as commissioner for the African colonization. Almost before Pomeroy got started, the ministers of Central American governments protested the selection of Chirique for the relocation of the blacks. The Cabinet met and Mr. Lincoln withdrew his support for the Chirique project.

The president spends much of the next few days monitoring the second battle at Manassas Junction/Bull Run from the telegraph office at the War Department. He was shocked to hear that General Pope and his men were unable to gain a victory. "I believe we are whipped again," he told his secretary John Hay.

Friday, August 24, 2012

The president responds to Horace Greeley's anti-slavery editorial

Mr. Lincoln dined on August 18 with recently exchanged prisoners of war General George McCall, General Michael Corcoran, Colonel Orlando Willcox and Colonel Alfred Wood. General Halleck and the Secretary of War also were present at the dinner.

At the president's request, I sought out the New York Tribune newspaper containing Horace Greeley's anti-slavery editorial "The Prayer of Twenty Millions" and brought it to the White House. Mr. Lincoln responded to Mr. Greeley by saying. "my paramount objective in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or to destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it."

Mrs. Lincoln is inconsolable following the news this week that her brother. Colonel Alexander Todd died of gun shot wounds received at the battle of Baton Rogue.

Friday, August 17, 2012

President Lincoln suggests blacks in America relocate to a Central American country

This week President Lincoln met with a delegation of colored men at the White House. The black committee was led by Edward Thomas, president of the Anglo-African Institute for th Encouragement of Industry and Arts.

At the meeting, the president suggested that "you and we are different races. We have between us broader difference than exists between almost any other two races. Whether it is right or wrong, I need not discuss, but this physical difference is a great disadvantage to both of us, as I think your race suffer very greatly, many of them living among us, while ours suffer from your presence. In a word we suffer on each side." He suggested to them that they perhaps relocate to a Central American country.

Countries Mr. Lincoln had in mind for relocation included Haiti, Honduras and Chiriqui Lagoon in New Granada (Panama).

Free blacks in general responded with hostility toward the president's suggestions. The Liberator newspaper reminded its readers that blacks "are as much the natives of this country as any of their oppressors."

Friday, August 10, 2012

The President continues to oppose having blacks serve in the Union Army

On Monday, August 4, 1862, President Lincoln turned down the offer of accepting two black Indiana regiments to be brought into the Union Army. He said he would allow the to be laborers, but not soldiers. Mr. Lincoln was opposed to having blacks serve in the army saying it "would produce dangerous and fatal dissatisfactions in our army and would do more injury than good."

Three days later, at the Naval Yard in Washington, Mr. Lincoln, Secretaries Stanton and Seward, and Captain John Dahlgren witness experiments of the Rafael repeating cannon. Mr. Stanton suggests that the new gun be brought in to be considered by the Ordinance Bureau.  

Friday, August 3, 2012

President Lincoln disallows the arming of fugitives in New Orleans

Lincoln's Cabinet met to discuss current war problems including General John Phelps attempt to not only protect fugitive slaves in New Orleans but to arm them. This irritated the president and his Cabinet. The issue of arming blacks was a politically charged issue the president was unwilling to allow. When the cease and desist order was issued to General Phelps, he resigned.

Congress enacted legislation allowing the president to issue pardons for soldiers sent to prison for court martial. The president issued 90 pardons this week to free those men awaiting trial.